Strengthening of the Francophone and Lusophone criminal chain: organisation of the first regional training

Mr. Kimelabalou ABA, Director General of GIABA; Mr. Amaury Hoste, Head of the Governance and Stability Team at the EUD in Dakar; Mr. Elie Renard, Deputy Director of the Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature; Ms. Claire Dollmann, OCWAR-M Key Expert

The strengthening of the AML-CFT criminal chain through the training and specialisation of its actors is one of the key activities of the OCWAR-M project. In order to meet the needs of the trained actors, OCWAR-M offers specific support to the eleven Francophone and Lusophone continental law partner countries 1 of the project. This activity is implemented in partnership with the French Ecole Nationale de la Magistrature (ENM, National School of Magistrates), which has built a solid experience in international judicial training, and with which Expertise France signed an agreement in August 2020.

With the support of ENM experts and regional experts, training modules, based on judicial practice and divided into five pillars, were developed from September 2020 to April 2021. These tailor-made modules are based on the compilation of texts, practical cases, judicial decisions and statistics collected by the college of regional experts for the eleven target countries.

From 25 to 27 May 2021, fifty-five participants from the eleven countries attended the training on the first pillar, which tackled the “detection of the offense”

Each country was represented by five participants, corresponding to the five key functions of the AML-CFT criminal chain – one representative of a financial intelligence unit (FIU), one judicial police officer, three magistrates (prosecution, investigation, court) – all selected with the FIUs of the concerned countries. This high-level training on the reception, operational analysis and dissemination of information pertaining to ML-FT offences was intended to be very practical and adapted to contextual realities. The training was delivered by TRACFIN experts – Ms Elise Naigeon-De Santi, Head of the Legal and Judicial Department, and Ms Sylvie Jaubert, Liaison Officer of the Directorate General of Customs and Indirect Taxes – experts from the Senegalese FIU (CENTIF) – Mr Mamadou Thiandoum, Director in charge of Police Investigations, and Mr Cheikh Bamba Niang, Director of Legal Affairs – and the key experts of the OCWAR-M project.

During the three days of training, the participants were able to apply the knowledge they had acquired through practical cases provided by the experts. The objective was to enable the actors of the criminal chain to fully appropriate the knowledge so that they can use it in their respective functions, and thus increase the effectiveness of their countries’ AML-CFT systems in accordance with FATF recommendations.

The interactive nature of the training and the quality of the exchanges highlighted the participants’ already proven experience and their commitment to AML-CFT, and allowed for mutual learning among the experts and the participants of the eleven countries.

The latter will take part in four other training courses by February 2022, covering all the pillars developed in partnership with ENM: “investigations”, “seizure and recovery of criminal assets”, “international criminal assistance” and “judgment”. The trained participants are expected to become trainers themselves, and to share the knowledge acquired with the actors of the criminal chain in their respective countries, for whom OCWAR-M will deploy national training programmes in 2022.

1 The eleven countries concerned are: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.

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